Iran’s First Vice President to Take Over After President Raisi’s Death

Mohammad Mokhber Poised to Lead Until Early Elections

Iran’s first vice president, Mohammad Mokhber, is set to take over the presidency following the tragic death of President Ebrahim Raisi in a helicopter crash. Raisi’s death, along with that of Foreign Minister Hossein Amir-Abdollahian and other officials, has prompted the country to prepare for early elections.

According to the Iranian constitution, the first vice president steps in if the president dies, is dismissed, resigns, or is absent or ill for more than two months. Mokhber’s temporary presidency must be approved by Iran’s supreme leader, Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who holds ultimate authority over state affairs.

New presidential elections are required to be held within 50 days to select a permanent successor. A council consisting of the parliament speaker, head of the judiciary, and the vice president will organize the national vote.

Mokhber, 68, became vice president when Raisi took office in August 2021. Born in Dezful in the southwestern province of Khuzestan, he has held various official positions in his career. Since 2007, he has chaired the Execution of Imam Khomeini’s Order, a government organization managing properties confiscated after the 1979 Islamic revolution. This foundation has grown into a significant state economic entity with investments across various sectors.

Iran has held presidential elections every four years since the first vote in 1980, with a two-term limit for presidents. The role of prime minister was abolished, leaving the president, assisted by vice presidents, in charge of appointing and directing the cabinet.

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